What is Xylitol?
I run into so many people that ask me "What is Xylitol"? Xylitol is the name for a naturally occurring sugar polyol which is made mainly from the fibers of corn husks or the bark from a birch tree.
However, Xylitol can also be derived from beets, oats, some mushrooms and certain fruits and vegetables as well. Xylitol is uniquely different than other sugars because it is a 5 carbon molecule instead of a 6 carbon molecule like most other sugars. This small but important difference is the key to it's benefits as a food ingredient and it's use in the medical and dental fields. Our bodies actually produce up to 15 grams per day of xylitol as a part of the normal metabolism process.
What is Xylitol: History
Xylitol was first manufactured by a German chemist in 1891. It was further developed and purified by the 1930s. It became useful during WWII as Finland searched for an alternative to the sugar shortage. By the 1960’s Xylitol became the sweetener of
choice in Germany, Switzerland, Soviet Union and Japan.
Xylitol was not really known or used in the US and Australia at that time. Most likely due to the cheap and abundant supply of cane sugar making Xylitol less economically viable. But the US finally got on board. In 1963 the FDA approved Xylitol for use in unlimited quantities in food and listed it as having no known toxic levels in human consumption.
Are There Xylitol Side Effects?
The only minor concern is that sensitive people may need to start slowly. I personally didn't have a problem, but for some people, taking in too much Xylitol too quickly can result in mild diarrhea or slight cramping. But once your enzymatic activity adjusts to the higher intake levels, the discomfort
usually disappears. So just to be sure, start slowly at first.
Is Xylitol Safe?
Yes, the FDA has stated that Xylitol is safe for human consumption in unlimited quantities. The only danger is the issue of Xylitol and dogs. Don't let your dog ingest Xylitol as it may cause a sudden and potentially fatal drop in canine blood sugar!
What is Xylitol: Health Benefits
It's naturally sweet with no strange aftertasteLooks & tastes like sugar40% fewer calories & 75% less carbs than sugar Glycemic index of Xylitol is 7, sugar at 60-65Safe for diabetics (no
negligible insulin change because it’s absorbed slowlyInhibits growth of bacteria that causes middle ear infections in young childrenStudies in Finland show
it may help in reversing bone lossReduces insulin resistance caused by over consumption of sugar (insulin
resistance is a key factor in diabetes, cholesterol & triglyceride levels, hypertension and increased risk of heart
What is Xylitol: Oral & Dental Benefits
Xylitol inhibits the ability of bacteria to adhere to tissues in the mouth and cannot be metabolized by bacteria, so it drastically slows down the process that creates harmful, enamel-eating acids.
non cario-genic (doesn't cause cavities)Reduces cavities by 80% Significant long-term reduction in
cavities (88-93%)Reduces dental plaque formation by making plaque less adhesiveRaises pH level in mouth
lower acidic pH encourages bacterial growth)
Stimulates saliva flowPromotes calcium and
phosphatePromotes enamel re-mineralizationReduces gum tissue inflammationHelps with dry mouth and bad breath
What is Xylitol: Weight Loss Benefits
Xylitol can be very effective for those wanting to lose weight. It's a delicious, low-calorie sweetener that has all the
sweetness of table sugar, yet has 40% fewer calories and 0g of sugar. Xylitol is an ideal alternative sweetener in foods prepared for weight loss or for anyone concerned about the
overuse of sugar in their diet.
I put Xylitol in my sugar bowl and use it in place of sugar on food like fruit and cereal and in coffee. Since it measures and pours just like sugar, I use it in my cooking as well. It converts very well in all recipes. The only exception is that you can't use it when making bread as it will not activate the
yeast. Also, it won't caramelize and crystallize when making candy etc.
Using Xylitol in place of sugar can be an effective way to cut calories and reduce the insulin spike when you want to enjoy something sweet. Making healthy choices like switching to Xylitol can be very helpful if you are trying to lose weight but can't give up your occasional sweets. Xylitol can be found in gum, candy, toothpaste, mouthwash and many other products.
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